Fannin lingered, however, as he had two units of men in the field, under Amon King and William Ward. On this day in 1836, which happened to be Palm Sunday, at least 342 Texians were executed by firing squad at Goliad (More Texians were killed at Goliad than the Alamo). Back at the presidio, the Mexicans executed the wounded against the chapel wall and even shot them in their makeshift beds. “The immediate advance of the enemy may be confidently expected,” Houston warned Fannin. San Antonio de Bexar. as they slaughtered the terrified Mexicans as they tried to flee. The rage felt by the Texans at the massacre manifested itself in a willingness to fight that was evident at San Jacinto. Remember Goliad!”. The Goliad Massacre, the tragic termination of the Goliad Campaign of 1836, is of all the episodes of the Texas Revolution the most infamous. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. He was escorted on the retreat by the Texan army under Gen. Thomas J. Rusk, who established his headquarters at Victoria, while he pushed on to Goliad to see that Filisola did not stop there. The many carts and supplies made the going very slow. “This show of generosity after a hotly contested engagement is worthy of the highest commendation,” Urrea wrote to Santa Anna, “and I can do no less than to commend it to your Excellency.”. Over the protests of his officers, Fannin also ordered his troops to stop for more than an hour to allow their oxen to graze. Before the Battle of the Alamo, William Travis had sent repeated pleas for aid, but Fannin never came: he cited logistics as the cause. The Alamo! Other articles where Goliad Massacre is discussed: Texas Revolution: Santa Anna responds: the Alamo and the Goliad Massacre: Determined to punish the rebellious Texans, whom he viewed as pirates who deserved to be executed, Santa Anna mounted a campaign to demonstrate his power by exacting the same kind of retribution upon them that he had visited upon Zacatecas. The Texans were rounded up and sent back to Goliad. Santa Anna,( a General that was working with the Mexicans was the one who ordered the execution of the prisoners. Lone Star Nation: the Epic Story of the Battle for Texas Independence. see review. He ordered the immediate execution of the “perfidious foreigners” and dispatched an aide to Goliad to ensure that Lieutenant Colonel Jose Nicolas de la Portilla, who had been left in charge at Goliad while Urrea continued his march through southern Texas, carried out his brutal directive. “It was the loud explosions that woke me up. 4 April] 1912. A decree issued by Santa Anna in December 1835 ordered that all foreigners fighting against the government would be treated as pirates and executed. Brands, H.W. Background. When Fannin was told he was to be executed, he gave his valuables to a Mexican officer asking that they be given to his family. 360-degree video filmed within and around the Presidio La Bahía and Fannin Battleground State Historic Site is intended to help viewers gain a deeper understanding of the tragic story that played an important role in the 1836 march toward Texas independence. With cannons stationed at each corner of the square, the Texans held firm. On March 19, Fannin finally left Goliad, at the head of a long train of men and supplies. The bodies were burned and dumped: for weeks, they were left to the elements and gnawed on by wild animals. Goliad was one of only three Mexican outposts in the area; the others were San Antonio and Nacogdoches. A girl wakes up at the site of a bloody mass murder and can't remember what happened. at the decisive Battle of San Jacinto. It led at least partially to the Texan victory at the Battle of San Jacinto, however. Instead, the Mexican commanding officer shot Fannin in the face, burned his body with the others and kept the timepiece as a war prize. The bitter memories of 30 years ago still haunt the survivors of the Gold Street Massacre, in which five persons were killed, and at least a dozen shot and injured at a dance in a small tenement yard near the seaside in central Kingston. As a result of the needless slaughter, a burning desire for revenge arose among the people of Texas, and Americans became firmly united behind the Texas cause of independence. The Alamo!” His men thundered a reply with an addendum: “Remember the Alamo! The Texas Revolution: After years of antagonism and tension, settlers in the area of modern-day Texas decided to break off from Mexico in 1835. 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